There has been horse racing of sorts for lots of many years. Horse racing began in Assyria in c. 1500 B.C. and Chariot Racing was a popular occasion in Roman Times. It remained in fact the Romans who are thought to have ran the first horse race in the UK, however the first actual tape-recorded occasion of a conference was in 1174, this occurred at a horse fair in the north-west part of London called Smithfield.
The Royal Family lag a number of the historical advancements that formed and changed racing throughout the years, with Henry II importing horses particularly for breeding and Charles II being the first to present a set of rules in 1664 (for the Newmarket Town Plate). It remained in 1752 the Jockey Club formed and penned The Guidelines of Racing.
The Derby is the oldest flat race having actually started in 1780 at the Earl of Derby's estate in Epsom, it was operated on a sweepstakes basis and is still obviously being run every year now, as is the Grand National which was first run in 1856, however the first documented nationwide hunt (as we understand it now) race remained in Cork, Ireland in 1752, it was a 4 miles 5 furlongs contest between 2 church steeples which is the reason the term 'steeplechase' was created.
Function and kinds of horse racing
The purpose of a H.race is to determine the fastest of 2 or more horses over a specific range with the first horse to cross the winning line being the winner.
Horse Racing Categories - Flat
In the UK and Ireland there are 3 variations of race classifications. The first is Flat Racing, where horses run over a range in between 5 furlongs and 2 miles 6 furlongs on turf. The flat season begins in March and runs through to November with differing quality of races with Group 1 contests being the highest. The youngest horses competing on the flat are 2 years of ages.
Horse Racing Categories - All Weather condition
All Weather Racing is the second race classification and is similar to flat racing aside from contests take place on a synthetic surface, which can be used throughout the year (for this reason the name All Weather). Much of the All Weather H.racing tracks also have floodlit tracks suggesting they can offer night racing.
Horse Racing Classifications - National Hunt
The 3rd classification is National Hunt where horses compete on turf over longer distances varying from 1 mile 6 furlongs (very minimal number of junior bumper races) and 4 miles 4 furlongs. Within National Hunt there are further classification types, these are Bumpers (also called National Hunt Flat races) where there are no barriers and are aimed at giving horses here the experience of contending on a race course, Goes after where the rivals need to clear hurdles and fences where they should leap obstacles. This suggests for instance that you can have a handicap chase or a maiden difficulty and so on. The distinction between a hurdle and a fence is rather considerable with a fence being tougher and higher. An obstacle race will only contain difficulties whereas a chase can consist of a range of challenges including water jumps and ditches along with fences.
Horse Racing Classification
Within each category of racing there are various kinds of contests based on a horse's experience and capability. Normally races are categorised by an age group (for example 4 year olds+) and/or an official score bracket (a score provided to each horse by the handicapper based on its performance to date). Maiden races are for horses who have not yet won a race. Handicaps are when a horse is weighted dependent on its previous ability - in a perfect world, a handicap ought to lead to all horses crossing the finish line at the same time. Nursery races are handicap races on the flat/all weather condition for two years of age horses. Non handicaps are when all horses carry the exact same weight (although this figure can be adjusted based upon charges used as set out in the race terms - for example the guidelines might state that horses will bring 9 stone but that an additional weight of 3 pounds will be applied to horses who have actually won in the last 6 weeks).